[八年级] 备战期中——2016八年级语数外物每日一练(11月12日)

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发表于 2016-11-10 16:42
本帖最后由 乖丫头 于 2016-11-10 16:44 编辑

备战期中——2016八年级语文每日一练(11月12日)

题目:
魏与赵攻韩,韩告急于齐。
齐使田忌将而往,直走大梁。魏将庞涓闻之,去韩而归,齐军既已过而西矣。孙子谓田忌曰:“彼三晋①之兵素悍勇而轻齐,齐号为怯,善战者因其势而利导之。兵法,百里而趣利者蹶②上将,五十里而趣③利者军半至。使齐军入魏地为十万灶,明日为五万灶,又明日为三万灶。”庞涓行三日,大喜,曰:“我固知齐军怯,入吾地三日,士卒亡者过半矣。”乃弃其步军,与其轻锐倍日并行逐之。
孙子度其行,暮当至马陵。马陵道狭,而旁多阻隘,可伏兵,乃斫大树白④而书之曰:“庞涓死于此树之下。”于是令齐军善射者万弩,夹道而伏,期曰:“暮见火举而俱发。”庞涓果夜至斫木下,见白书,乃钻火烛之。读其书未毕,齐军万弩俱发,魏军大乱相失。庞涓自知智穷兵败,乃自刭,曰:“遂成竖子之名!”齐因乘胜尽破其军,虏魏太子申以归。孙膑以此名显天下,世传其兵法。  
(选自《史记孙子吴起列传》,有删改)  
【注释】①三晋:本指韩、赵、魏三国,此指魏国。②蹶 :倒下,这里是受挫的意思。③趣:通“趋”,疾走,追逐。④白:使……露出白木。⑤竖子:小子,骂人的话。
1.选出与“魏将庞涓闻之”中的“之”用法相同的一项(    )(2分)
A.策之不以其道    B.马之千里者    C.何陋之有    D.能以径寸之木
2.选出对文章内容理解有误的一项(     ) (2分)
A. 孙膑抓住魏军轻敌的弱点,用减灶的计策诱敌深入。
B. 庞涓由于骄傲,对齐军作出了“入吾地三日,士卒亡者过半矣”的错误分析。
C. 庞涓落入了孙膑预设的圈套,受到伏击,全军覆没。
D. 齐国马陵之战失败的根本原因是将领轻敌。
3.解释下列句中划线词的意思。(4分)
①孙子田忌曰        ②士卒者过半矣
③于是令齐军射者万弩      ④齐因乘胜尽其军
4.翻译文中加横线的句子。
(1) 彼三晋之兵素悍勇而轻齐,齐号为怯。(2分)
(2) 孙子度其行,暮当至马陵。 (2分)
                                       




答案及解析:
1.A
2.D
3.①告诉         ②逃亡      ③善于,擅长          ④打败
4.(1)那些魏国的士兵,平日强悍勇猛,轻视齐国军队,齐兵被称为胆怯的军队
(2)孙膑估计(或“揣测”“计算”)庞涓的行程,晚上应该到达马陵。
【解析】
1.试题分析:A与例句都是“代词”;其他均为“助词”。
2.试题分析:D中应是“齐国马陵之战取胜的根本原因是战术得当”。
3.试题分析:“善”应理解为“擅长”。
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3.试题分析:这里“市”应理解为“买”。
4.试题分析:翻译文言语句是文言文阅读的必考题。



备战期中——2016八年级数学每日一练(11月12日)


题目:


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答案及解析:

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备战期中——2016八年级英语每日一练(11月12日)


题目:
We might not be alone in the universe. Actually, it may be confirmed as a very crowded place by new computer models developed to help identify habitable planets.
Estimates of places where life can exist have been based on the possibility of them having surface water. But software recently developed by the Aberdeen University allows researchers to identify planets with underground water kept liquid by heat from planets.
Water is fundamental for life and planets too close to the sun lose water to the atmosphere through evaporation. On the other hand, planets located in distant reaches from their star have their surface water locked away as ice.
Sean McMahon, who is carrying out the work, explained: "Traditionally people have said that if a planet is in this Goldilocks zone—not too hot and not too cold—then it can have liquid water on its surface and be habitable."
But this concept might change when considering that planets can receive two sources of heat—heat direct from the star and heat generated deep inside the planet.
It is easy to observe it in our own planet. As you go down through the crust (壳) of the Earth, the temperature gets higher and higher. Even when the surface is frozen, water can exist below ground.
There could be immense quantities of water in fact—full of primitive life.
Professor John Parnell, also from Aberdeen University said: "There is a significant habitat for microorganisms below the surface of the Earth, extending down several kilometres".
"And some believe that the majority of life on Earth could even reside in this deep biosphere."
So the Aberdeen team are developing models to predict which distant planets might harbour underground reservoirs of liquid water with the possibility of alien life.
【小题1】What is considered as the symbol of life existence traditionally?
A.Solid water on its surface. B.Solid water below ground.
C.Liquid water below ground. D.Liquid water on its surface.
【小题2】Why did John Parnell mention the fact about Earth?
A.To prove that there is majority of life on Earth.
B.To prove that life may also exist in other planets.
C.To prove that there is primitive life down through Earth.
D.To prove that there is a habitat for microorganisms below Earth.
【小题3】What theory is the Aberdeen team’s study based on?
A.Planets can lose water through evaporation.
B.Planets can receive heat direct from the star.
C.Planets can have their surface water locked away as ice.
D.Planets can receive heat generated deep inside the planet.
【小题4】What can we know about the computer models?
A.They will help identify planets where there is life.
B.They will help researchers find Goldilocks zones.
C.They have helped find some significant discoveries.
D.They have already located some habitats for life.



答案及解析:
【小题1】D【小题2】B【小题3】D【小题4】A   
【小题1】细节题:根据Water is fundamental for life and planets too close to the sun lose water to the atmosphere through evaporation.故选D。
【小题2】根据Professor John Parnell, also from Aberdeen University said: "There is a significant habitat for microorganisms below the surface of the Earth, extending down several kilometres
"."And some believe that the majority of life on Earth could even reside in this deep biosphere."可知John Parnel提到地球的这个事实是为了证明在其他星球可能会存在生命。故选B。
【小题3】根据But this concept might change when considering that planets can receive two sources of heat—heat direct from the star and heat generated deep inside the planet.[故选D。
【小题4】推理题:根据We might not be alone in the universe. Actually, it may be confirmed as a very crowded place by new computer models developed to help identify habitable planets.以及So the Aberdeen team are developing models to predict which distant planets might harbour underground reservoirs of liquid water with the possibility of alien life.。故选A。

备战期中——2016八年级物理每日一练(11月12日)


题目:

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答案及解析:
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